Amphistegina

Amphistegina
Temporal range: Eocene – Recent

Scientific classification

(unranked):
SAR

(unranked):
Rhizaria

Phylum:
Foraminifera

Order:
Rotaliida

Superfamily:
Asterigerinacea

Family:
Amphistegenidae

Genus:
Amphistegina
d’Orbigny, 1826

Amphistegina is a genus of foraminiferal protists[1] included in the Rotaliida with a stritigraphic range extending from the Eocene to recent and a cosmopolitan distribution. The test is an asymmetrically biconvex trochospiral that may be bi-involute or partially evolute on the spiral side. Chambers are numerous, broad. and low, strongly curved back at the periphery to form chamber prolongations. The umbilical side is stellate, like that of Asterigerina, and has a distinct umbilical plug. The wall is calcareous, optically radial; the surfacce finely perforate and smooth overall. The periphery angular to carinate (keeled); the aperture an interiomarginal slit on the umbilical side, bordered by a lip.[2]
Loeblich and Tappan, 1964 [3] included Amphistegina in the Amphisteginidae along with related Boreloides, Eoconuloides, and Tremastegina; the Amphisteginidae at that time included in the Orbitoidacea, the Asterigerinidae in the Discorbacea.
Amphistegina prefers warm and shallow water (less than 30 m) and mainly inhabits the seafloor between the coastline and coral reefs. Also, the test is quite hard compared with many other more fragile foram tests which allows them to survive in wave agitated water.[4]

References[edit]

^ Short Treatise on Foraminiferology
^ Loeblrich & Tappan 1988. Modern Foraminifera at
^ Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part C, Protista 2(2)
^ The most common foram of Hawaii

Further reading[edit]

Triantaphyllou, Maria; Dimiza, Margarita; Hallock, Pamela; Koukousioura, Olga (April 2012). “Observations on the Life Cycle of the Symbiont-Bearing Foraminifer Amphistegina Lobifera Larsen, an Invasive Species in Coastal Ecosystems of the Aegean Sea”. Journal of Foraminiferal Research. 42 (2): 143–50.